In datarows locking, row-level locks are acquired on individual rows on data pages. Index rows and pages are not locked. When a row needs to be changed on a data page, a non transactional latch is acquired on the page. The latch is held while the physical change is made to the data page, and then the latch is released. The lock on the data row is held until the end of the transaction. The index rows are updated, using latches on the index page, but are not locked. Index entries are implicitly locked by acquiring a lock on the data row.
Figure 10-3 shows an insert into a datarows-locked table. Only the affected data row is locked.
Figure 10-3: Locks held during datarows locking