ANSI closes cursors at the conclusion of each transaction. Transact- SQL provides the set option close on endtran for applications that must meet ANSI behavior. By default, however, this option is turned off. Unless you must meet ANSI requirements, leave this option off to maintain concurrency and throughput.
If you must be ANSI-compliant, decide how to handle the effects on Adaptive Server. Should you perform a lot of updates or deletes in a single transaction? Or should you keep the transactions short?
If you choose to keep transactions short, closing and opening the cursor can affect throughput, since Adaptive Server needs to rematerialize the result set each time the cursor is opened. Choosing to perform more work in each transaction, this can cause concurrency problems, since the query holds locks.