Permissions for system procedures are set in the sybsystemprocs database.
Some system procedures can be run only by Database Owners. These procedures make sure that the user executing the procedure is the owner of the database from which they are being executed.
Other system procedures (for example, all the sp_help procedures) can be executed by any user who has been granted permission, provided that the permission was granted in sybsystemprocs. A user must have permission to execute a system procedure either in all databases or in none of them.
A user who is not listed in sybsystemprocs..sysusers is treated as a “guest” user in sybsystemprocs and is automatically granted permission on many of the system procedures.
To deny a user permission on a system procedure, the System Administrator must add the user to sybsystemprocs..sysusers and write a revoke statement that applies to that procedure. The owner of a user database cannot directly control permissions on the system procedures within his or her own database.